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Samsung ‘Galaxy M31s’ smartphone with 4MP primary rear camera will launch on July 30

  • The phone will have a 4MP rear camera setup with a 64MP primary rear camera.
  • The phone comes with a 6000mAh battery with 25-watt fast charging
  • Innovative ‘Single Tech’ feature allows users to shoot multiple photos and videos in one click
  • The 64GB + 128GB variant of the phone can be launched

South Korean tech company Samsung is seen as very active in India to expand its portfolio amid opposition to Chinese products. The company has announced the launch of another M series smartphone 'Galaxy M31s' in India. The company has released its teaser page on Amazon. Customers will be able to purchase the Galaxy M31s from Amazon. This phone will have ‘L’ Shop 4 rear camera setup. It will have a 64MP primary rear camera.

Basic Specification of ‘Galaxy M31s’

According to Amazon's teaser page, this phone will have a 4 rear camera setup. It will have a 64MP primary rear camera. The company has given this phone an innovative single tech feature. It allows users to shoot multiple photos and videos in one click. The phone comes with a 6000mAh battery with 25 watt fast charging, which will also support reverse charging. The phone's display will support full HD + resolution. According to some media reports, the phone may have a 6.4-inch display.

The 64GB + 128GB variant of the phone can be launched. The phone will have Android 10 operating system. The company may offer Exynos 9611 processors in the Galaxy M31s. The phone has a 32MP front camera for selfies and video recordings. The price of the phone can be around Rs 20,000.
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06 Internal Reforms of Napoleon

06 Internal Reforms of Napoleon
In this way, after strengthening the position of France at the international level, Napoleon focused on France's internal reform process. In the words of Hedge (Modern Europe to 1870), ‘Consulate
The period of (1799–1804) was the period of Bonaparte's main and most enduring contributions to the development of institutions in France. 'Napoleon's fame lies mainly in his military achievements, but the important reforms made by him as the first consul led to his Made immortal. According to David Thomson (Europe Sins Napoleon), the period 1800 to 1803 as Napoleon's first consul was' one of the most important periods in the entire modern history of France; Napoleon's most creatively valuable work was done in this period. In the task of reorganizing France, Napoleon displayed the qualities of quick judgment and functionalism, demonstrating the same degree of precision and concentration as he had demonstrated in the wars.

France's Revolutionary Decade (1789 to 1799).
During the period, but the reforms done during that period lacked internal consistency and perfection. With this view Napoleon carried forward the work of revolution. Its purpose was a systematic reorganization of the administrative, economic and legal structure of France. While on one hand he wanted to develop an efficient system for his monopolistic convenience, his aspiration was to have his indelible signatures on the page of time - the signature of the public welfare works of a mascot dictator.

01 Economic Reform
It is noteworthy that the financial disorder of France was an important reason for the collapse of Louis's monarchical government in 1789 and the directory in 1799. Napoleon was conscious from the beginning that the financial crisis in France should not reappear, in the words of David Thomson, 'The cancerous financial administration and revenue system was first rectified under the influence of the ancient system. Established the Bank of France which became the most powerful financial institution in the country. On one hand, the Bank of France controlled the system of government loans and revenue collection on the one hand, and on the other hand also encouraged commerce by giving loans at low interest rate. In 1803, the Bank of France was granted a monopoly to issue banknotes.

Napoleon centralized the system of revenue collection; The task of recovering revenue from various regions of France was now entrusted to the officers directly appointed by the Central Government. Before the revolution
In the era, collection of taxes was done by the autonomous regional authorities.

Napoleon issued orders for strict austerity in government expenditure. Corrupt officials
Began to be punished. Napoleon arranged that the costs of the expenditure of the military campaigns of France
Do not fall on the public and such expenses should be recovered from the defeated nation.

It was due to Napoleon's efficient economic policies that the 'miracle work' of presenting a balanced budget in the financial year 1801-1802 was completed in France.

02 social reform
With a view to achieving widespread public support for his kingdom, Napoleon sought to improve the condition of almost all social classes in France, in this regard, his most important declaration was that his land was acquired by the peasants during the progress of the revolution. Will be owned; This announcement was very much welcomed in rural areas. The wages of laborers working in the city were also increased. The bourgeoisie was very pleased with Napoleon's kingdom, as his prosperity was secured by a permanent, efficient government. Those of the nobility and clergy who had fled France during the reign of terror were assured of employment and security during Napoleon's time, and they resettled in France. In society, feelings of mutual estrangement were loosening and an internal harmony developing Napoleon accepted neither feudal privileges nor class-based revenue system, thus stamping the social scope of the revolution.

But Napoleon did not believe in the flat principle of social equality; He believed that deserving and talented people should get special respect. With this in view, he founded 'The Legion of Honor' in 1802, whose membership, without distinction of caste, clan, rank and religion, was given to such deserving people who faithfully served France. was. Napoleon said, "The French have a feeling - respect; We should be celebrating this feeling. 'This was a new social experiment of Napoleon' aristocracy of merit '.

03 National System of Education
The Church had authority over education in the ancient system of France. In the period of revolution, a national education system was conceived, freeing it from the influence of the Church, it was also implemented in a very minority, but the national method of education was widely and effectively, at all levels of education, Napoleon owes credit to the prevalence. During Napoleon's era, primary, secondary, upper secondary, university, technical, vocational, military
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Be careful before opening an email, hackers can steal your data by sending fake mail

Security and data protection solutions provider company Secret has launched a new malpam spam campaign. Hackers send PowerPoint files to users in fake emailsHackers are able to hack the system when users open it

Security and data protection solutions provider company Secret has launched a new malpam spam campaign. Under this campaign, hackers steal data of Indian manufacturers and exporters through fake emails. According to a report by Secret, the hackers' remote access tools include Tesla, Remocos RAT and Nanocor RAT.

Many organizations on target, Researchers at Secret have been following the hackers' campaign track since April 2020. Hackers steal data by changing their location. Even before this, the data of many companies has been stolen.

According to reports, hackers have used public systems such as Pastibin (a type of online content hosting service) and Beatles.How do hackers attack?

Hackers e-mail phishing users. It contains some MS PowerPoint files, including a malicious VBA (Visual Basic for Application) macro. Hackers spread the virus to computer systems using VBA programming in MS Office.

Post Execution, Malware uses pre-existing software to download malicious payloads from Pastibin. Which keeps the spread of the virus intact in the system.

Hackers use this type of technology,LoLBins or Live of the Land Binaries, Hackers abuse built-in tools for malicious purposes.Payload host on Legal File Hosting Service Pastibin

Hackers host a malicious payload on Pastibin, a web-based platform. It can share source code on a large scale. This allows hackers to break network security controls and steal data.

AMSI (Anti Malware Scan Interface) Breach, Hackers use a variety of technologies for AMSI breach.Memory payload executionThis process loads malicious code into the memory of a file-less infection system and avoids anti-virus protection.

Users need to be careful

Secret advises that users need to take special precautions during hacking periods. Attachments in anonymous email should be considered 10 times before opening. The link in the mail should be understood and opened. Your device's operating system should be updated frequently.
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Vodafone launches Rs 699 RED MAX postpaid plan, find out what features it will get

Only one user will get the benefit of this plan. Unlimited calling and data will be available, The company also offers subscriptions to Amazon Prime Video, zee5, SUN NXT, and Vodafone Play. Telecom major Vodafone has launched a Rs 699 RED MAX plan for postpaid users. The company offers unlimited data and calling in this plan. Also facilitates OTT platform access.

There will be many features including access to the OTT platform

In this plan users get unlimited calling for calling on other networks. Like other plans, this plan also offers 100 SMS facility. However this plan is for 1 connection only. This means that only 1 user can avail the benefits of this plan. With this plan the company offers subscriptions to Amazon Prime Video, zee5, SUN NXT and Vodafone Play. However, it does not have a Netflix subscription. Currently, the plan has been launched for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana circles. It will soon be extended to other circles including Gujarat. Idea users can also take advantage of this plan.

Other plans from RED MAX

Vodafone's Rs 399, Rs 499 and Rs 649 plans are also active for a single connection. This plan is available for all circles.

Rs 399 plan

The plan offers unlimited calling with 200 GB rollover data, 100 SMS per day. The company also offers subscriptions to zee5 and Vodafone Play.


This plan comes with 200 GB rollover data, unlimited calling and 100 SMS per day. There are also subscriptions to Amazon Prime, zee5 and Vodafone Play.


In addition to the facilities available in the Rs 699 plan, the airport lodge facility will also be available in this plan. However, it does not have a zee5 subscription.
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Self-reliant India App Challenge: 6940 apps list reached to government, 1155 are social media apps

The Government of India started the self-reliant India App Innovation Challenge after conducting a digital strike on Chinese apps. The NITI Aayog, in partnership with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Atal Innovation Mission, has launched the Digital India Self-Reliant India Innovation Challenge, under which you will have to create mobile games, social media and photo-video editing apps. Under this challenge a maximum reward of up to Rs 20 lakh will be available. The mantra for this challenge is 'Make in India for India and the World'.

Government received 6,940 entries
Under this challenge, the government has so far received a total of 6,940 apps, of which 3,939 are individual and 3,001 are associated with an organization. Ravi Shankar Prasad, the cabinet minister for Communications, Electronics and Information Technology and Law and Justice has informed this by tweeting. According to the tweet, out of 6,940 entries, 1,140 apps belong to business, 901 to health and wellness, 1,062 to e-learning, 1,155 to social networking, 326 to games, 662 to office and work from home, 237 to news, 320 entertainment and 1,135 others are categories. .

Date was increased last week
Only last week, the government extended the last date to apply for this challenge to 26 July. Its date before that was 18 July. Three companies have also been selected for a reward of Rs 20 lakhs, including Sarv Webs in Jaipur, PeopleLink in Hyderabad and Techgentsia in Kerala. The companies that won the challenge include Aria Telecom of Ghaziabad, VideoMeet in Jaipur, VacSetu in Delhi and Zoho of Chennai.

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03 countries doing geographic exploration

03 countries doing geographical exploration
All the countries of Europe were eager and eager to explore new sea routes and new geographical areas, but Portugal and Spain played a special enthusiasm and leading role in this process. Portugal was also at the forefront of these two countries. Why so ? The main reasons are
(1) Most entrepreneurial maritime operations in Portugal, such as-
Fisheries were connected to fisheries, shipping operations, harbor arrangements, etc. Puttagala was a hilly and inhospitable region, and there were many farmers and rural laborers migrating to the cities after the plague-like epidemic called 'Black Death' in 1348-49. Was engaged in maritime activities. Thus Portugal had a sufficient number of specialist classes available in maritime operations.
(2) Portugal had a long long maritime strip and efficient ports that could be used for maritime expeditions.
(3) Both Portugal and Spain had stable, efficient and interested governments in maritime expeditions, and the trading class there was independent of the hegemony of the feudalist mentality, and was bold.
(4) Portugal was economically prosperous, with Northern Europe being the major country supplying goods produced in the Mediterranean climate. Putrtagal had adequate availability of physical and human resources for new discoveries.
(5) Compared to England and France, Portugal and Spain were relatively free from the catastrophe of Catholics and Protestants religious conflict.

(01) Portuguese expeditions and their geographical discoveries
The first expedition of geographical exploration began in the region of the Atlantic Ocean and the western coasts of Africa. In 1415 King John of Portugal took over the coast of Africa, the territory of Siota under the Arab people, opening the way for the Portuguese to expand along the coast of Africa. The most interested person in the sea expedition of Puttagal was King John's son, Prince Henry (1394– 1460), who is known in history as Prince Henry, "The Navigator (Sailor)" because of his naval interest. . Prince Henry established a naval learning center in Portugal, where many sailors, geographers and astronomers from Europe gathered and discussed. Prince Henry showed great interest in Portugal's maritime expeditions and victories in new territories. In 1418, the islands of Madeira were discovered and captured by the Portuguese, in 1427 they found and captured Ajores. Seven years after this, circling Cape Bozador, they reached the river Swarnadi and Senegal. Cape large islands were discovered here. Thus the purpose of the first phase of the Portuguese maritime expeditions was to discover the islands of the Atlantic Commonwealth and the territories of the west coast of Africa in which they were successful. The Portuguese built their colonies on the islands and territories discovered in this region, made fortifications of these areas, and started trade with the local people. It was here that the trade of slaves began. Many companies were established and authorized to exploit new territories, manage their security systems and carry on geographical exploration, Prince Henry had heard about India and he was on the sea route to reach India. Khoj wanted to be removed but his wish could not be fulfilled during his lifetime.

In 1486, an important discovery was made by Portuguese sailor Bartholomew Diaz as he moved southward along the west coast of Africa, reaching his typical, southern end where he called the 'Utmasha Antripe' (Cape of Good Hope) tracked down. This discovery paved the way for the sea route to reach India. Meanwhile, Padre de Covilham and Alfonso de Peva were sent to the terrains of Egypt and the Indian Ocean so that they could know the routes of the Indian Ocean.

Vasco da Gama was authorized to explore the route of India from the waters of South Africa with its three ships. He sailed from Portugal in June 1497 and reached the Utmasha Antripe, located on the southern end of Africa, in November by the route discovered by Diaz. From there, he turned back towards the north, and with the help of the eastern edge of the continent of Africa, reached Malindi. There he took the information of the route of the Indian Ocean from Arab sailors, and finally after crossing the Indian Ocean directly, he reached Calicut, on the south-western side of India, on 18 May 1498. India was discovered, which proved to be very important for Europe and Asia. Earlier, Arabs had a monopoly on trade between countries of East and West for many centuries; 'The medieval era dominated the Arabs in civilization and science. This was based on this fact.' On the arrival of Vasco da Gama in the Indian Ocean, the ears of the Arab traders were raised and they saw their business monopoly in crisis. He made several attempts to thwart the campaign of Vasco da Gama. In Calicut, Vasco da Gama was welcomed by Arab merchants saying, "The evil devil will destroy you." Why have you come here? " It was certain that the Arab people were so rich in this area
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09 results of search of sea routes

09 results of search of sea routes
The discovery of new sea routes to reach many countries of Asia, Africa and American continent heralded many immediate and far-reaching changes in the life of Europe, a new movement began not only in Europe but in the whole world. The countries of Europe turned a kind of commercial and cultural invasion of newly discovered territories, their colonization and exploitation began a long-term cycle, in the name of pseudo spread of modernity, many countries of Asia, Africa and America continent Shreeless On the other hand, the economic prosperity of the countries of Europe increased greatly, there. The colors of consumer lifestyles changed, the dominance of commercialism and capitalism, the imperialist. The rivalry began, the final culmination of which is in the war of bloodshed and bloodshed. , The only happy result of this process was that world knowledge expanded, as a unit. The whole world was identified, and the countries of the world progressed to the sunrise of modern consciousness. There were reactions against new areas, their self-respect arose, there were liberation struggles, and they gradually established their identity as independent nations.

01 Herald of the Business Revolution

Sea routes to many countries in Asia, Africa and American continent paved the way for commercial and commercial revolution in Europe. The discovery of diverse new areas increased the consumption and demand for merchandise greatly, and opened up a new sky for the possibilities of expanding business. Many big trading companies were established in countries of Europe, such as Dutch East India Company, British East India Company etc. Spices, cotton cloth and silk were increasingly imported from the Eastern countries, gold and silver from the American continent began to be exploited, ending the monopoly of Italian merchants in Europe on the trade of goods in the East. Now the center of trade was established in the area of ​​the Atlantic Ocean instead of the Mediterranean. The commercial importance of the medieval trading centers - Florence, Genoa, Venice, Alexandria, etc., now became very less, and Antwerp Lisbon, London, Cardige, Seville, Paris, Amsterdam, etc. became new centers of trade. Until the founding of the Suez Canal in 1869, the main route of trade between the eastern and western countries passed through the Uttamaha space at the tip of southern Africa. This trade route was discovered by Vasco da Gama.

02 Metallic wealth and commercialism
From the newly discovered geographies, sailors and traders of Europe accumulated a large amount of precious metals gold and silver, which led to a sudden increase in the metallic wealth of Europe. During the medieval period, the amount of gold and silver in Europe was very less. In the new geographical areas of the American continent Mexico, Peru, etc. there were huge reserves of gold and silver mines. European countries, especially Spain, established their military and political supremacy over these areas. From here they collected huge quantities of gold and silver and took it to their country. In the countries of Europe, on the basis of rich wealth of gold and silver, it was easier to issue more currency, due to which the monetary economy got a big boost. Capital became the mainstay of the economy and capitalism began to develop. The kings of European countries supported the new business class to further encourage the trends of the arrival of gold and silver in their country. In the words of Lucas, 'This alliance of autocratic princes and commercial interests led to a policy called commercialism that marked the beginning of the reincarnation and the modern era, which retained its hegemony in the areas of war, diplomacy and colonization in the following centuries.'

03 Changes in Europe's Consumer Lifestyle
After the discovery of new regions of Asia, Africa and the American continent and the beginning of trade relations with them, many new things came in the consumer life of Europe, like tea, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, chocolate, sugar, sugar, Ceramic, indigo etc. Due to the economic prosperity of Europe, the demand for luxury goods also increased greatly among the people. The result of all this was that there was a big change in the lifestyle of Europeans; He became materialistic and luxuriant.

04 Development of colonialism

In view of the commercial and commercial gains that are due to the newly discovered geographical regions, European countries began to establish their military and political dominance in these regions to keep the process of economic gain uninterrupted. In this way, the European regions started the colonization of the newly developed areas of Africa, America and Asia. European countries formed their own settlements in these areas, and established their control over local administration and economy on the basis of their military skills and diplomatic tact. Thus began the era of colonialism. In the colonization, Portugal and Spain took the initiative of leading geographical discoveries. Later, other countries of Europe - France, Holland, England, Italy etc. also joined the competition to establish colonies.

05 imperial aspirations and rivalries
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